Keyframes

Keyframes accepts an array of values and will animate between each in sequence.

Timing is defined with a combination of duration, easings and times properties (see Props)

Import

import { keyframes } from 'popmotion';

Usage

You can set the values to animate between with the values property. You can set as many values as you wish.

keyframes({ values: [0, 1, 3] })
  .start(v => console.log(v))

The overall length of the animation can be changed via duration.

Each individual value can be given a progress value between 0 and 1 via the times array. That determines at which point during the animation it should be at the corresponding value.

Finally, and easings property maps to the animations between each value transition (so the length of this array is one fewer than our total number of values).

keyframes({
  values: [0, 100, 200],
  times: [0, 0.2, 1],
  duration: 1000,
  easings: [ease.linear, ease.cubicBezier(.17,.67,.83,.67)]
})

Value types

keyframes supports the animation of the following value types:

Number

keyframes({
  values: [10, 40, 100, -100]
})

Units

Supported: px, %, deg, vh, and vw

keyframes({
  values: ['10%', '40%', '100%', '-100%']
})

Colors

Supported: RGB(A), HSL(A) and Hex

keyframes({
  values: ['#fff', '#000', '#f00']
})
keyframes({
  values: [
    'rgba(0, 200, 100, 1)',
    'rgba(60, 100, 80, 0.5)',
    'rgba(60, 100, 80, 1)'
  ]
})
keyframes({
  values: [
    'hsl(0, 50%, 50%)',
    'hsl(180, 80%, 50%)',
    'hsl(45, 60%, 60%)'
  ]
})

Complex

Complex sequences of values, like SVG path definitions, CSS shadows and background gradients.

The non-numerical portions of these values must stay in the same format in the from and to props.

keyframes({
  values: [
    '0px 0px 0px inset rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2)',
    '3px 3px 10px inset rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5)',
    '10px 10px 20px inset rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8)'
  ]
})
keyframes({
  values: [
    'linear-gradient(to right, #f00, #0f0)',
    'linear-gradient(to right, #00f, #f00)',
    'linear-gradient(to right, #f00, #0f0)'
  ]
})

Objects

Named objects composed of any of the above types may also be animated.

keyframes({
  values: [
    { x: 0, background: 'hsla(125, 100, 50, 1)' },
    { x: 0, background: 'hsla(20, 100, 60, 1)' },
    { x: 100, background: 'hsla(20, 100, 60, 1)' }
  ]
})

Arrays

Arrays composed of any of the above types may also be animated.

keyframes({
  values: [
    [0, '10vh', 'hsla(125, 100, 50, 1)'],
    [1, '20vh', 'hsla(20, 100, 60, 1)'],
    [0, '40vh', 'hsla(125, 100, 50, 1)']
  ]
})

Props

The following properties may be passed to keyframes:

values

An array of values to animate between.

Required

duration

Total duration of animation, in milliseconds.

Default: 300

easings

An array of easing functions for each generated tween, or a single easing function applied to all tweens. This array should be values.length - 1.

Default [...easeOut]

times

An array of numbers between 0 and 1, representing 0 to duration, that represent at which point each number should be hit. Defaults to an array of evenly-spread durations.

elapsed

Duration of animation already elapsed, in milliseconds.

Default: 0

ease

A function, given a progress between 0 and 1, that returns a new progress value. Used to affect the rate of playback across the duration of the overall animation.

Default: linear

loop

Number of times to loop animation on complete. Set as Infinity to loop forever.

Default: 0

flip

Number of times to flip animation on complete. Set as Infinity to flip forever.

Default: 0

yoyo

Number of times to reverse animation on complete. Set as Infinity to reverse forever.

Default: 0

Methods

Action methods

keyframes() returns:

tween() returns:

start

Starts the animation and returns playback controls.

Can be provided either a function:

keyframes().start(v => {})

Or a named map of functions for update and complete:

keyframes().start({
  update: v => {},
  complete: () => {}
})

filter

Returns a new version of the animation, that filters out any value when the provided predicate function returns false:

const filtered = keyframes().filter(v => v > 0.5)

// This animation will only output values higher than 0.5:
filtered.start(v => {})

pipe

Returns a new animation that will pass any output value through this series of functions:

// This animation will round output values and then double them:
keyframes()
  .pipe(Math.round, v => v * 2)
  .start(v => {})

while

Returns a new animation that will complete when the provided predicate function returns false:

// This animation will end when an output value is higher than 0.5:
keyframes().while(v => v < 0.5)

Playback methods

keyframes().start() starts a new animation and returns the following playback methods:

getElapsed

Returns time elapsed in milliseconds.

getProgress

Returns animation progress as a value of 0-1.

seek

Seeks animation to this position as a value of 0-1.

const playback = keyframes().start(v => {})

playback.seek(0.5)

pause

Pauses playback.

resume

Resumes playback.

reverse

Reverses the direction of playback.

stop

Stops the animation.

Example

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